From Mental Illness to Marketing: the Psychology of Nostalgia


What is Nostalgia?

Nostalgia was first defined by Johannes Hoffer, a Swiss doctor who described the condition as “a neurological disease of essentially demonic cause.” He noticed symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and even fever in Swiss mercenaries who were longing for their native land. He coined the term using the roots nostos, a Greek word for returning home, and algos, pain or longing. Literally, nostalgia was a condition of homesickness.

The negative implications of nostalgia continued into modern psychology. It was a condition likened to depression and melancholy. Only recently have psychologists acknowledged the benefits of nostalgia and demerited its understanding as an illness.

Nostalgia in the Now

Modern psychologists have determined that nostalgia is not a mental illness. In fact, it’s universal part of the human experience, regardless of age or culture. Continually, frequent dips into these recesses of our minds are associated with higher self-esteem and a greater sense of belonging. According to The New York Times, “most people report experiencing nostalgia at least once a week, and nearly half experience it three or four times a week.”

In many recent studies, “participants who were induced to feel nostalgic expressed more optimism of the future. This optimism is related to two other factors. First, nostalgia makes people feel more socially connected to others. This social connection boosts people’s positive feelings about themselves. That increase in self-esteem then increases feelings of optimism.”

Imagine remembering a song you listened to as a kid. You look it up on YouTube, find the music video, and share it with a friend. They remember the video and the lyrics, and they’re as excited about it as you are. Now you both identify with each other in a way you didn’t before. Nostalgia is about community and belonging: it confirms that we were, and are, a part of something. We are inherently connected.

According to John Tierney of The New York Times:

“A quick way to induce nostalgia is through music, which has become a favorite tool of researchers. In an experiment in the Netherlands, Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets of Tilburg University and colleagues found that listening to songs made people feel not only nostalgic but also warmer physically.

That warm glow was investigated in southern China by Xinyue Zhou of Sun Yat-Sen University. By tracking students over the course of a month, she and colleagues found that feelings of nostalgia were more common on cold days. The researchers also found that people in a cool room (68 degrees Fahrenheit) were more likely to nostalgize than people in warmer rooms.”

Nostalgia is a bittersweet emotion. Our memories are not always positive, but the act of nostalgia makes life feel more meaningful and gives us a sense of purpose. People who feel nostalgia more often tend to have a more optimistic outlook on life, higher self-esteem, and are literally less cold.

Nostalgia Marketing

We’re all familiar with nostalgia marketing, even if we don’t use that terminology ourselves. Essentially, advertisers and marketers now realize the power of nostalgia. They take advantage of all the feel-goods we get from remembering childhood. Now, many ad campaigns from major brands feature music, television, and other pop culture media from our childhoods. This marketing tactic fosters that sense of inclusion between us and the product they are selling.


Spotify released an ad campaign featuring Never Ending Story, ending with a link to listen to their “Never Ending ’80s” playlist.


After Netflix released “The Joy of Painting” with Bob Ross to their streaming service, Adobe released an ad campaign titled “The Joy of Sketching.” The ad features the Adobe Photoshop Sketch application on the iPad Pro, but with the same aesthetic, music, and vocabulary of the original Bob Ross show.

Pokemon Go

Pokemon Go is the most recent, notable success in nostalgia marketing. The reboot of Pokemon blew up in the summer of 2016 and has generated approximately $35 million in revenue since. Though it may seem like a game for kids, it is targeting a particular audience: people who were young in the 90’s. The app is not designed for kids because you need a mobile phone with a data plan and the ability to travel around your city. It is an app designed for people nostalgic for the 1998 Gameboy hit and subsequent card games, tv shows, etc.

In fact, Niantic developed a similar game, Ingress, before Pokemon Go. By similar, we mean it’s the exact same game minus the Pokemon. It didn’t do very well. Nostalgia for the old Pokemon games was the most significant feature in the Niantic’s success.

nostalgia birthday playlist

The Birthday Playlist

A few weeks ago, one of our developers showed us his idea for a simple site. Type in your birthday and it generates a playlist of the Number 1 songs from the Billboard Top 100 list for every year since you were born. He worked out some of the code, and before too long, we were all standing around Vince’s desk looking up our birthday playlists.

Here are some notable highlights:

Ultimately, it’s a simple idea, nothing complicated, but it got all of us out of our chairs. It got us talking about what the first CD we bought at Sam Goody was. This birthday playlist pulled us all into the nostalgia.

While we’re riding this wave of optimism, we wanted to present the idea that music is community and a catalyst of nostalgia. That by sharing it, we create a sense of belonging. So, here’s our Birthday Playlist project. We hope it does your self-esteem as much good as it did ours.   

Hero’s Beacon Cold Brew

Hero's Beacon Cold Brew

As a token of our appreciation leading into the New Year, we created Hero’s Beacon: a unique cold brew iced coffee from Monomyth Studio. This limited, promotional cold brew is available to our friends and clients, or random wanderers who happen to journey into our office.

The cold brew is steeped for 24 hours in cold water, producing an iced coffee that is more caffeinated, less acidic, and better tasting. Leah Newsom, our content developer/words person, has a background in making cold brew coffee, not only experimenting on her own, but also as the creator of local favorite Royal Coffee Bar’s original bottled cold brew recipe.

Hero's Beacon Cold Brew

Hero’s Beacon uses beans from one of our favorite roasters, Brandywine Coffee Roasters out of Delaware. The beans are an Ethiopian Shakiso, naturally processed, with tasting notes of raspberry, cola, and tangerine.

We named the cold brew Hero’s Beacon, as a reference to the Monomyth “Hero’s Journey” story. We wanted to convey not only our love for coffee, but how every hero needs a guiding light. Sometimes that light can be an ally, a mentor, or a wise word. Other times, it’s just good coffee.

Hero's Beacon Cold Brew

We created a custom bottle design with an interchangeable promotional tag, right now featuring a New Years message for our clients and friends. The back of the bottle introduces some iconography from our brand update (coming later in the spring). Each bottle was hand-dipped in  gold wax to create a seal, to be torn off by the string of the tag.

So, clients and friends, keep your eyes out for us. We might be strolling through your doors with something delicious.

Caffio Espresso Bar: Project Highlight


Caffio Espresso Bar is a mobile coffee shop serving delicious drinks out of a historic VespaCar. We were asked to create an identity for the business, inspired both by a love for coffee and the history of Italian scooter culture. The VespaCar is also known as a Piaggio Apé, Apé meaning bee in Italian.


The logo, in turn, is a bee with an espresso cup as a body. It is a simple one-color application that makes it ideal for stamping on cups, sleeves, napkins, and other ephemera of the coffee industry. You can find Caffio buzzing around farmers markets, art festivals, and other local events.



Huddle: Project Highlight


Huddle is a new approach to the peer-to-peer advising group. An in-progress project, Huddle is taking a more conversational and interdependent approach to an old model of business advisement. We designed an identity for them that is bold and bright, encapsulating this modern and creative focus.


The icon, two talking bubbles, represents the conversational nature of Huddle, that it is a place for “real talk.” Also, it hides an H in its negative space.


This is just the beginning of our work with Huddle—more soon!

Method + Madness Recap

Method + Madness logo

Method + Madness

Method + Madness is a conference put on by AIGA Arizona chapter every year during Phoenix Design Week. It is, by far, the design highlight of the year here in Arizona. This year, we had the opportunity to emcee the conference, which went well. We didn’t even pull any of the stunts we joked about.

Instead, we immersed ourselves in the conference. We heard people speak about their strengths and the things they have learned throughout the course of their careers. We listened to designers ask practical questions about the business of design. Most importantly, we spent the weekend with our community, talking about the work we love doing.

We took some notes during the presentations, and we thought we’d share them with you.

Method + Madness emcees

Great Moments of Method + Madness

“Designers are heat-seeking missiles looking for imperfections.” Julie Anixter

“I’m interested in occupational imagination… We should be encouraging students to choose missions, not majors.” – Stephen Tepper

“Education is a battle for what young people will know.” – Rick Griffith

“You have to not lie. Which means you have to work with people you trust.” – Rick Griffith

“The internet is killing our ability to tell and listen to stories.” – Dan Christofferson

“We are navigators of complexity. It’s our job to get shit done.” – Antionette Carroll